Thinking of an idea how to fight against corruption in land and natural resources, Mika-Petteri Törhönen from Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN (FAO) has decided to start from the very beginning - the problems that cause such kind of "solution" that corruption is. She enumerated a few yesterday at the 14-th IACC Conference and I would like to share them.
First, deforestation is spread worldwide and makes many people fight against it. Unfortunately there are companies that are well-paid for that and they pay well in order to continue. There are social movements struggling for land and many people died because of land issues.
Second, land privatization leads to land defragmentation. There are little use of technologies and no innovations. On the other hand pretty complex bureaucracies and delays in dealing with land and natural resources make people pay extra for "express services" and that way corruption occurs.
No matter what are the problems, the solutions are the same - transparency, decentralization, accountability and good cadastre. We should narrow the distance between the government and the customer. There are many countries which are in need of adequate institutional setting.
When MANY people work in a corrupted system, it is difficult to change it!